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Multiple Pathways Towards Integration: The Diversity of Immigrant Families in Europe
04/05/2015- Books & Reports
Multiple Pathways Towards Integration: The Diversity of Immigrant Families in Europe
This policy brief summarises recent research findings of the project FamiliesAndSocieties with regard to the impact of transnational families on children’s wellbeing in both origin and destination countries, as well as to the demographic behaviour of immigrants and their descendants. The brief also presents suggestions for policy interventions.
What is Your Couple Type? Gender Ideology, Housework Sharing, and Babies
04/05/2015- News
What is Your Couple Type? Gender Ideology, Housework Sharing, and Babies
It is increasingly acknowledged that not only gender equality but also gender ideology plays a role in explaining fertility in advanced societies. The potential mismatch between gender equality (i.e., the actual sharing taking place in a couple) and gender ideology (i.e., attitudes and beliefs regarding gender roles) may even drive childbearing decisions.
In a new paper, researchers Arnstein Aassve, Giulia Fuochi, Letizia Mencarini, and Daria Mendola assess the impact of consistency between gender equality in attitudes and equality in the division of household labour on the likelihood of having another child, for different parities.
 
They used two-wave panel data of the Bulgarian, Czech, French, Hungarian, and Lithuanian Generations and Gender Surveys, and built a couple typology defined by gender attitudes and housework-sharing.
 
Their findings show that the impact of the typology varies with parity and gender: taking as reference category the case of gender-equal attitudes and gender-equal division of housework, the effect of all the other couple types on a new childbirth is strong and negative for the second child and female respondents.
 
So the consistency between gender ideology and actual partners’ housework-sharing is only favourable for childbearing as long as there is gender equality in both the dimensions. 
 
Searching for Joy: The Importance of Leisure in Newcomer Settlement
04/05/2015- News
Searching for Joy: The Importance of Leisure in Newcomer Settlement
A new article by Lisa Quirke reviews the literature on newcomer leisure, settlement and information behaviour. It highlights the interrelated nature of these three concepts and proposes a conceptual framework for the study of leisure and information across settlement.

The article notes that leisure is a revealing lens through which the process of settlement can be better understood and draws on research from the fields of leisure studies, information studies and migration studies to support this idea. It presents new insights for researchers and policymakers by outlining the potential role of leisure activities in bolstering mental health and the building of social capital by newcomers.

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A Blessing I Can't Afford: The Paradox of Happiness about Unintended Pregnancy
01/05/2015- News
A Blessing I Can't Afford: The Paradox of Happiness about Unintended Pregnancy
An unresolved paradox in the measurement and interpretation of unintended pregnancy is that women frequently report feeling happy about pregnancies they also classify as unintended (i.e. they have incongruent intentions and feelings).

A new study by Abigail R.A. Aiken,Chloe Dillaway and Natasha Mevs-Korff explores the underlying reasons why women profess such happiness and how these relate to their motivations to avoid pregnancy.

They found that it is possible for women to express happiness at the idea of pregnancy while simultaneously earnestly trying to prevent conception. Happiness at the idea of an unintended pregnancy was explained as the result of deep and heartfelt feelings about children taking precedence over practical considerations, the perception that the psychosocial stress resulting from another child would be low, and the ability to rationalise an unintended pregnancy as the result of fate or "God's plan".

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"Changing patterns of mortality and morbidity: age-, time-, cause- and cohort-perspectives" This workshop seeks to bring together demographers and ...