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PopDigests are short, comprehensive summaries of research results with a link to the original publication (if accessible online).
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“Divorce-Damages” on Education
© Kzenon - Fotolia.com
Can parental divorce affect the chances of children to obtain a university degree? By studying divorce in 14 countries (Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Estonia, France, Georgia, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, Norway, the Netherlands, Romania, and Russia), Fabrizio Bernardi and Jonas Radl explored its long-term consequences on education achievement and found a negative, although relatively small effect.
Always a Risk of Divorce
© drx - Fotolia.com
To what extent are children suffering when their parents get divorced? That question is not so easy to answer, mainly because of the complexity of this topic. Researchers Steffen Reinhold, Thorsten Kneip and Gerrit Bauer focused on a much more detailed question instead: How are the effects of unilateral divorce laws affecting the well-being of children?
Early Life Conditions Can Make You Sick Later
© Pavla Zakova - Fotolia.com
Adverse health conditions experienced during individuals’ first year of life increase the risk of sick leave in adulthood. This link, explored in a study by Jonas Helgertz and Mats R. Persson (Lund University, Sweden) is not mediated by socioeconomic circumstances later in life.
Older but Fitter
diego cervo - Fotolia.com
A rapidly increasing proportion of people in high-income countries are surviving into their tenth decade. This population will continue to grow in the future, both in absolute terms and as a proportion of elderly people. This development raised concerns about the extent of frailty and disability in those age groups and the attached personal and societal costs.
Smart Growth - Is the Demographic Dividend an Education Dividend?
lassedesignen - Fotolia.com
Countries with a large working-age population tend to become richer quicker than those where this group is smaller in relation to children and elderly people. Jesús Crespo Cuaresma, Wolfgang Lutz and Warren Sanderson show in a recent study that this is mostly due to improvements in educational attainment among the young population, and not due to the fertility decline, as previous analyses claimed.
Cross-Border Marriages in Sweden
© paulmz - Fotolia.com
Not only has the opening of EU borders led to an expansion of partner markets in Sweden, but globalisation, a general increase in diversity and a growing number of Swedes who travel, work or study abroad have also played a role.
© Alexander Raths - Fotolia.com
One feature of ageing societies is an increasing number of older people who need help in their daily activities. A significant share of this help is provided by grown up children, especially by daughters. Across Europe, women are more involved in support activities to their ageing parents than men. A study by Tina Schmid, Martin Brandt and Klaus Haberkern explores whether this gender imbalance can be linked to family-policies.
The benefit of having a wife
© Ingo Bartussek - Fotolia.com
Public expenditure on care for older people has been rising along with the increasing number of senior citizens, and is expected to rise even more as population ageing continues. Attempts to constrain expenditures have largely focused on enabling older people to live independently longer and stressing the importance of informal caregivers as an alternative to public care. But to what extent and under which conditions can this idea actually be feasible? This question is examined in a new study by Niels Schenk and colleagues, who use the Netherlands as an example.
Similar goals, different effects
© Tyler Olson - Fotolia.com
Studies comparing the impact of family policies in different countries often ignore country differences in social structures. This is surprising given that the literature on fertility has identified social networks as a key mechanism in explaining fertility intentions. Using an agent-based model, Thomas Fent, Belinda Aparicio Diaz and Alexia Prskawetz integrate the role of social effects into a model of fertility decisions and investigate whether, and to what extent, the effectiveness of family policies is affected by the social structure.
© Denis Junker - Fotolia.com
Anti-gay demonstrations, public votes against the parental rights of same-sex-partnerships - the acceptance of homosexuality still seems to be quite low in some European countries. In a recent study, Judit Takács and Ivett Szalma compared the measurement of homophobia in two large scale longitudinal surveys: the European Values Study (EVS) and the European Social Survey (ESS). Specifically, the authors wondered whether different questions and scales derived from the studies actually measure the same thing in the end
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