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PopDigests are short, comprehensive summaries of research results with a link to the original publication (if accessible online).
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Missing the Bigger Picture
Immigrants and their children and grandchildren form a significant part of the population in many European countries. But only over the last decade has research begun to show increasing interest in understanding the patterns of union formation and childbearing behaviour of ethnic minorities.
Mixing Does not Always Lead to Matching
During the last two decades, most European countries experienced increased immigration and ethnic heterogeneity in their populations. Not surprisingly, marriages between natives and immigrants also increased, even in those countries where the barriers between ethnic groups have typically been high. However, European research on union dynamics is far from being complete.
Who Does What in the Joint Household?
Earning money, managing the home and looking after children – surely no couple would complain about a lack of work. There are many different answers to the question of how to best share these tasks. But are there significant differences between same-sex and different-sex couples when it comes to the division of household work, and do these differences change across generations? Lisa Giddings, John M. Nunley, Alyssa Schneebaum and Joachim Zietz sought out to find answers to these exact questions.
Versatile Designs of Life
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Traditional family patterns are losing popularity in Europe. One example of this is the fact that more and more people are living together without getting married. Cohabitation means different things to different people, and people choose this family arrangement for various reasons. Do these reasons influence their fertility intentions? In a recent study, Nicole Hiekel and Teresa Castro-Martin examine how the different meanings of cohabitation and the intention to have a child are intertwined.
“Divorce-Damages” on Education
© Kzenon - Fotolia.com
Can parental divorce affect the chances of children to obtain a university degree? By studying divorce in 14 countries (Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Estonia, France, Georgia, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, Norway, the Netherlands, Romania, and Russia), Fabrizio Bernardi and Jonas Radl explored its long-term consequences on education achievement and found a negative, although relatively small effect.
Always a Risk of Divorce
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To what extent are children suffering when their parents get divorced? That question is not so easy to answer, mainly because of the complexity of this topic. Researchers Steffen Reinhold, Thorsten Kneip and Gerrit Bauer focused on a much more detailed question instead: How are the effects of unilateral divorce laws affecting the well-being of children?
Early Life Conditions Can Make You Sick Later
© Pavla Zakova - Fotolia.com
Adverse health conditions experienced during individuals’ first year of life increase the risk of sick leave in adulthood. This link, explored in a study by Jonas Helgertz and Mats R. Persson (Lund University, Sweden) is not mediated by socioeconomic circumstances later in life.
Older but Fitter
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A rapidly increasing proportion of people in high-income countries are surviving into their tenth decade. This population will continue to grow in the future, both in absolute terms and as a proportion of elderly people. This development raised concerns about the extent of frailty and disability in those age groups and the attached personal and societal costs.
Smart Growth - Is the Demographic Dividend an Education Dividend?
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Countries with a large working-age population tend to become richer quicker than those where this group is smaller in relation to children and elderly people. Jesús Crespo Cuaresma, Wolfgang Lutz and Warren Sanderson show in a recent study that this is mostly due to improvements in educational attainment among the young population, and not due to the fertility decline, as previous analyses claimed.
Cross-Border Marriages in Sweden
© paulmz - Fotolia.com
Not only has the opening of EU borders led to an expansion of partner markets in Sweden, but globalisation, a general increase in diversity and a growing number of Swedes who travel, work or study abroad have also played a role.
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