New and Emerging Family Forms Around the Globe
New patterns of family formation are emerging around the globe. In some regions, such as Europe and the Americas, cohabitation and childbearing within cohabitation have increased rapidly over the past few decades, sometimes reflecting a long tradition of nonmarital unions. In other areas, such as China, Japan, Israel and the Philippines, cohabitation is just starting to emerge, surprising scholars who thought that the marital regime was immutable. Yet the ways in which these new family behaviors are emerging differs dramatically depending on context. In some countries, for example Sweden and Norway, marriage is often postponed until after childbearing, while in others, such as Japan and China, premarital cohabitation has increased, but nonmarital childbearing is still considered a taboo. And in other parts of the world, cohabitation may be a marginal behaviour, but marriage is changing in other ways, possibly being delayed or foregone due to modern social and economic realities.
The emergence of these behaviors may have implications for individuals and societies. The rise of cohabitation and separation may lead to greater life uncertainties, and potentially exacerbate inequality. Increases in non-marriage may leave a larger group disaffected and vulnerable, especially at older ages. As a consequence, recent patterns of partnership formation may be having substantial effects on not only on population composition, but also on future well-being. On the other hand, the new behaviors may be a reaction to changing social norms, shifting values, and/or increased globalization. Changes in the family may simply be part of the normal process of societal development – indeed reflecting greater gender equality - and not a cause for alarm. Further research is needed to provide insights into the underlying explanations for the new trends and to what extent these changes are altering societies.
This panel will bring together researchers from around the world to discuss these new behaviors and their consequences. The panel follows up on the IUSSP nuptiality panel (2011-2015), which convened conferences on first union patterns and divorce and produced two special collections. The nuptiality panel covered a wide variety of behaviors, but emphasized changes in the tempo and quantum of more conventional behaviors (e.g. marriage and divorce). We will focus on more flexible forms of partnerships, such as cohabitation, living-apart-together relationships, and repartnering. The panel’s main goal is to address theoretical explanations for changes in family formation in cross-national perspective, and to assess the consequences for populations and societies. Overall, we aim to gain a better understanding of which explanations are universal and which are unique.
Workshop: March 20-23, 2018, Centre d’Estudis Demografics, Barcelona.
The workshop will focus on theories and explanations for the emergence of new family formation behaviors around the globe. Although studies should be underpinned by demographic data and analysis, we encourage novel explanations, cross-cultural comparisons, and theory-building. We also invite submissions that assess the consequences of family change for population and societies. We will send out an open call for presentations in September 2017 with a deadline of November 15, 2017 and notification of acceptance shortly afterwards. The workshop will be unconventional in that it will have relatively few presentations and instead plenty of time for discussion and debate. We may also reserve time for small-group discussions. Overall participation will be small – around 30 – and we will select approximately 15 presentations. We aim to have wide global representation as well as regional expertise.
At the workshop we aim to 1) explore and systematize theories and explanations; 2) discuss how to consolidate and present data for comparison; and 3) explore possibilities for developing a teaching database on family forms around the world. We will also discuss the goal of applying for grant applications to fund additional activities.