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Population Europe Inter-Faces are a series of video interviews with leading demographic experts on Population Europe’s YouTube channel and other video material of general interest produced by the partner institutes. Users can gain first-hand insights about demographic developments, which may affect individual life courses and future policies.

"We can not avoid working longer" - an interview with Irena Kotowska. Questions: 1. Are the ageing societies of most European countries bound to face a shrinking workforce and therefore declining economic productivity? 2. What are the differences in this respect between regions in Europe? 3. How could policy makers address these developments? 4. Which type of pension reform could be seen as a best practice example? 5. Will we have to not only work longer but work more? [...]
"We need to trust others if we have to rely on them taking care of our kids" - an interview with Francesco Billari. Questions: 1. As an expert in fertility behaviour, which recent development in that field would you consider most significant? 2. Does that mean policy can make an impact on birth rates, or is it rather economies that matter? 3. What other factors are important in the context of fertility? [...]
"The decrease in mortality will continue in the next decades" - an interview with Graziella Caselli (University of Rome "La Sapienza"). Questions: 1. Are all European countries ageing to the same degree or are there differences? 2. Will these differences between countries persist in the future? 3. Is there a limit to mortality decline and longevity? 4. What can be done to adapt the pension system? [...]
"When you think of migrants, there is a very diverse population" - an interview with Helga de Valk. 1. You are an expert on migration: To what degree and in which ways can migrant populations contribute to softening the trend of low birth rates in Europe? 2. Are there demographic characteristics and behaviours of migrant populations that differ from that of natives? 3. When we think about how migrants adapt to the lifestyle of their new home country, what role does education play? [...]
"Everyone who is old today, was young at one time" - an interview with Michael Murphy. Questions: 1. As an expert on modelling and forecasts, what would you say will be the defining features of the global population in 2050? 2. From a global perspective, are there differences between the regions? 3. How reliable can todays' scenarios for 2050 be? 4. What do you consider to be the biggest policy challenge resulting from population ageing? 5. Do we have to fear a "war between generations"? [...]
"Education is the demographic dimension that matters most for development" - an interview with Wolfgang Lutz (Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital). Questions: 1. When you think about world population trends and forecasting: do you see scarcity or prosperity? 2. How alarming is low fertility in Europe in a global demographic context - will Europeans die out one day? 3. Is there an optimal level of fertility? 4. How important is it to slow down population increase in developing countries? [...]
Having a child is as legitimate an aim in life as having a Mercedes" - an interview with Zsolt Spéder (Hungarian Demographic Research Institute, Budapest). Questions: 1. What are the most interesting demographic developments in the new European member states in the last decades? 2. What is the reason for this? 3. Will fertility behaviour change soon or always stay low? 4. What is the role of cultural factors compared to economic factors? 5. What do you consider the main cause for fertility decline? [...]
"Societies will move on and master everything" - an interview with Jitka Rychtaříková (Department of Demography and Geodemography, Charles University in Prague). Questions: 1) What are the main differences concerning life-expectancy between European countries? 2) What are the reasons for these differences? 3) Will the gained years be spent in good health? 4) How is the situation in Eastern and Central Europe concerning fertility and family policies? 5) Do we have to expect a conflict between old and young people? [...]
"The care dimension can no longer be excluded" - an interview with Gerda Neyer. Questions: 1) Which demographic development in the last decade do you consider most significant? 2) Can policy measures help to increase fertility rates? 3) Do you consider gender equality the remedy to counter low fertility rates? 4) Will our lives become even more centered exclusively on work? 5) Which policy measures can be effective to reconcile work and family? 6) Can we handle the extra amount of care needed? [...]
"Fertility and female labour market participation can go together" - an interview with Olivier Thévenon on fertility and female labour market participation. Questions: [...]

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