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EU Employment and Social Situation Quarterly Review Winter Edition

EU Employment and Social Situation Quarterly Review Winter Edition

As in previous editions all graphs and related data are downloadable in excel format by clicking on the links provided. A link to a country-specific statistical annex is also provided at the end of the report.

Here are some highlights:

  • The economic recovery continued to strengthen in most Member States, but growth remained uneven.
  • The employment rate for the EU has now returned to its pre-crisis value, but in many Member States employment rates are still far from those of 2008. Employment rates improved across all population groups and most notably for older workers.
  • Service sectors, both tradable and non-tradable, continue to drive employment growth in the EU. Permanent and full-time employment for 15-64 year-olds continues to increase but at a slower pace than in 2014.
  • Unemployment has continued to gradually recede but remains high. Unemployment declined in most Member States but there are large differences in unemployment rates across Member States.
  • Long-term unemployment saw its largest decline since 2014 and declined more than short-term unemployment. Nevertheless, about 10.5 million people in the EU had been unemployed for more than a year in the third quarter of 2015.
  • The activity rate in the EU has continued its steady increase.
  • The financial situation of EU households continued to improve thanks to higher income from work and social benefits. Nearly all Member States saw a growth in their household income and fewer EU households needed to draw on savings or run into debt to cover current expenditures, with the exception of low-income households.

Labour productivity growth has weakened in many Member States since 2008 and the onset of the crisis and remained weak for the EU as a whole in the year to the third quarter of 2015. Productivity growth at sectorial level shows a mixed picture across sectors and Member States.