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This gap is space for policy reform
Population ageing will continue to be one of Europe’s biggest long-term policy challenges in coming decades. Older populations have many advantages, but they also have very concrete costs—most notably on pensions, one of the foundations of modern-day welfare states. Longer lives, the result of better health and nutrition, is certainly part of the equation, but this can hardly be qualified as a problem. No, Europe is ageing, and—despite our intentions—low fertility is the reason. Low fertility is also the result of positive developments. [...]
Refugees’ settlement preferences are key to asylum policies
Refugees’ post-migration choices about where to call home have stumped many a policymaker. In 2015, it was refugees’ “irregular secondary movement” that rendered Europe’s Dublin system obsolete. Yet it is refugees’ voluntary relocation away from ethnic enclaves that signals successful integration. A closer look at a Swedish policy exposes motivations behind them and how even light interventions can affect outcomes. In 1985, refugee settlement was changed from open to assigned to promote integration by mitigating the growth of established ethnic enclaves. [...]
Congratulations to four European demographers who have been awarded prestigious Consolidator Grants by the European Research Council (ERC): Guido Alfani (Dondena Centre at Bocconi University, Population Europe Partner) for the project "Social Mobility and Inequality across Italy and Europe: 1300-1800"; [...]
New study by the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research and the London School of Economics and Political Science
-- Press release by the MPIDR -- A low birth weight is considered a risk factor for decreased cognitive abilities in later life. This risk factor now seems to be dissolving; it is much less pronounced in younger birth cohorts. [...]
MPIDR study offers new method to deal with missing data
  --- MPIDR press release ---   Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research (MPIDR) in Rostock, Germany have calculated birthrates for men in Germany for the first time. They found that in each year since 1991 the average number of children per man was lower than that per woman. In 2013 (latest available data) the birthrate was 1.35 for males and 1.42 for females. For 1994 they obtained a new world record low – the birthrate in eastern Germany was only 0.74 children per man. [...]
Out now: Population Europe's Quarterly Newsletter! Please download it here: Population Europe Newsletter January 2017.pdf [...]
New Book Carefully Untangles an Often-Misjudged Demographic Phenomenon
It is tempting, write Michaela Kreyenfeld and Dirk Konietzka, to regard rising childlessness in Europe as a “distinctly new and ‘post-modern’ phenomenon”. But is it really? “Is ‘voluntary’ childlessness really a new development?”, they ask. And: “Can we actually draw a line between ‘voluntary’ and ‘involuntary’ childlessness?”, "What drives childlessness in the twenty-first century?" [...]
Vulnerabilities, agency and policy implications
This paper starts with a short review of the growing literature on the topic of older migrants, particularly in relation to this population’s diversity, social vulnerability, loneliness, (transnational) care and support networks. It then introduces the collection of papers of this special issue by proposing an approach to studying older migrants as social actors who develop strategies to surpass vulnerabilities. Older migrants mobilise their resources while taking into account structural opportunities and restrictions from the meso and macro levels. [...]
Allianz European Demographer Award Winners Tomas Sobotka and Felix Tropf
Demographer Tomáš Sobotka and Sociologist Felix Tropf were honoured for their outstanding research work at the 6th Berlin Demography Forum. [...]
This issue defines vulnerability as a key interdisciplinary concept for understanding life trajectories. Moreover, it develops a life course framework to study vulnerability along three structuring axes of research: multidimensionality, multilevel, and multidirectionality. [...]

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