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Policy Briefs

Population Europe’s policy brief series “Population & Policy Compact” comprehensively summarises cutting-edge research results and provides policy recommenda­tions on specific population topics. Within four pages, each volume provides a concise and succinct synthesis of key research findings by eminent researchers from the Network and other leading European experts.

It’s time to provide more cross-sectorial support to young people
Key messages: Policy proposals for young Europeans should be based on a life course perspective. Challenges faced by individuals should be seen as a consequence of a series of intertwined life events that occur within particular policy, socio-economic and cultural contexts. Independence in young adulthood should be viewed as a multi-dimensional concept, which includes residential, economic and psychological independence.  [...]
Key Messages:  The impact of family dissolution on children varies considerably and lasting effects persist for only a minority. To prevent negative consequences of family dissolution on children’s development, policies should prevent economic downward mobility and provide support to children and parents to adapt to new family dynamics and forms. [...]
Demographic Change and Europe’s Security Capacities
Key Messages: Demographic change is a shaper of both security risks and security capacities. Recruitment requirements will remain at a high level due to the complexity of international military missions and new technology, while population ageing will make it increasingly difficult to recruit enough qualified personnel. [...]
Key Messages: Increasing divorce and separation rates have major implications for current and future levels of housing inequality, patterns of social stratification and opportunities for spatial mobility. Prolonged residential instability after separation could lead to instability for individuals in other life domains (e.g. psychological wellbeing, children’s schooling, access to friendship networks, post-separation socio-economic status). [...]
Toward a New Policy of Life-Course Flexibility
Key Messages Even a new baby-boom and high migration cannot prevent Europe from population ageing over the next decades. Population ageing and shrinking labour force will affect the productivity of the economy if no further reforms are undertaken. These reforms should include a redistribution of work over the life-course which will also require a new system of social protection.   [...]
Economic Crisis Leads to Demographic Crisis for the Young
Key messages: Young individuals suffer disproportionally from the crisis, especially in terms of high unemployment and economic uncertainty, which affect their ability to start an independent life. A delayed transition to adulthood has negative effects on economic and demo- graphic outcomes later in life, including fertility levels. [...]
New Evidence on Parenthood in Europe
Key Messages European countries have redoubled their efforts to support families. However, divergent birth rate trends suggest that no “magic formula” has been found. A common characteristic among countries with stable or even increasing birth rates is a high degree of female labour force participation. [...]
New Insights on Migration and Integration Policies in Europe
Key Messages: Restrictive immigration policies are ineffective in reducing migration inflows. Efficient migration policies include quotas that attract foreigners with specific 
skills and knowledge, as well as support for the social inclusion of migrants and 
their families. Policies should promote transnational contacts and opportunities for civic 
engagement to encourage target migrants. [...]
Policy Options for the Ageing Baby-Boomer Generation in Europe
Key Messages: Resistance against an increase in the retirement age is often based on myths that do not stand up to scientific evidence. The economic burden of population ageing is not a demographic destiny, but depends on the productivity of tomorrow’s workforce. Policies should promote information campaigns, life-long learning activities, and measures to support a comprehensive work-education-life balance. [...]
Insights from a Dialogue Between Researchers and Policy Makers
Key messages: Lone parenthood should always be defined in a way that all types of lone parents are included, regardless of their partnership status and the support provided by the other parent.  [...]

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