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PopDigests

PopDigests are short, comprehensive summaries of research results with a link to the original publication (if accessible online). This allows population experts and other interested audiences to be able to easily access information to the latest research results. 

Effects of paternity leave schemes offered by employers in Switzerland
What happens to views and ideas about gendered representations and practices of fatherhood if a company allows new fathers to take one month of paid leave in a country with no statutory paternity leave? Isabel Valarino and Jacques-Antoine Gauthier analysed the implementation and use of a one-month paid paternity leave in the urban French-speaking context in Switzerland. [...]
In a recent study, Francesco C. Billari, Osea Giuntella and Luca Stella analysed whether the availability of high-speed Internet influences fertility choices in Germany. The authors worked with data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP). It is a unique dataset because it provides information on fertility histories, availability of Internet access, and also on whether Internet access is based on broadband (DSL) technology. [...]
The role played by the Great Recession in Europe and the United States
What kind of impact does economic growth have on fertility behaviours? Previous research has observed downturns in fertility during periods of economic depression and when looking specifically at the Great Depression in the United States in the late 1920s and 1930s, research found that it had strong negative effects on fertility levels. But what about the more recent recession? [...]
The reproductive context of cohabitation in comparative perspective: Contraceptive use in the United States, Spain and France
Exploring the differences in the use of contraceptives between cohabiting and married couples is a good measure for possible differences in fertility patterns between the two groups. Yet, such studies are rare for contemporary Spain and France. Particularly little is known about contraceptive use patterns among cohabiting women in these countries. This analysis by Megan M. [...]
Family structures and its impacts on children’s education attainment
Despite the recent expansion of education, children from lower socioeconomic backgrounds are still less likely to attend university than children from wealthier families. This persisting inequality in educational attainment led social scientists to explore a range of possible factors behind these unequal opportunities. Given that in many countries it is very common for children from lower socioeconomic backgrounds to live without at least one parent, family structure has often been held responsible for explaining part of the inequality of opportunities between socioeconomic groups. [...]
La recherche s’attend à ce que les indicateurs de vieillissement atteignent des valeurs jamais vues dans l’histoire de l’humanité.
Les populations de l’ensemble des pays européens vieillissent, mais avec des différences considérables pour ce qui est de l’ampleur du vieillissement, de sa rapidité et du moment où il se produira. En se basant sur des projections de l’Eurostat de 2010, Giampaolo Lanzieri, Responsable de la division démographie, recensement et projections de la population d’Eurostat, élucide les différences pays par pays au sein de l’Europe. [...]
Gendered support to older parents: do welfare states matter?
One feature of ageing societies is an increasing number of older people who need help in their daily activities. A significant share of this help is provided by grown up children, especially by daughters. Across Europe, women are more involved in support activities to their ageing parents than men. A study by Tina Schmid, Martin Brandt and Klaus Haberkern explores whether this gender imbalance can be linked to family-policies. [...]
Results from a longitudinal study of 9000 siblings in Sweden
Adverse health conditions experienced during individuals’ first year of life increase the risk of sick leave in adulthood. This link, explored in a study by Jonas Helgertz and Mats R. Persson (Lund University, Sweden) is not mediated by socioeconomic circumstances later in life. [...]
The relationship between obesity and economic development may depend on education
Obesity levels have increased remarkably over the last thirty years throughout the globe. At the same time, there are considerable variations in the proportion of overweight adults across countries. So what are the factors behind this global divergence? Is economic development one of the drivers of such differences? [...]
Invertir en la educación de las mujeres podría cambiar el futuro crecimiento de la población
El crecimiento de la población mundial está asociado a diversos retos relacionados con la nutrición, la salud, el suministro de energía y el cambio climático. Sin embargo, las predicciones sobre la futura población global difieren en gran medida: ¿habrá nueve o diez mil millones de habitantes dentro de 40 años? Wolfgang Lutz y Samir KC muestran, a través de la construcción de cuatro escenarios diferentes, cómo la educación puede desempeñar un papel importante en la ralentización del aumento de la población en los países en vías de desarrollo.   [...]

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