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Population Europe Inter-Faces are a series of video interviews with leading demographic experts on Population Europe’s YouTube channel and other video material of general interest produced by the partner institutes. Users can gain first-hand insights about demographic developments, which may affect individual life courses and future policies.

"We need to trust others if we have to rely on them taking care of our kids" - an interview with Francesco Billari. Questions: 1. As an expert in fertility behaviour, which recent development in that field would you consider most significant? 2. Does that mean policy can make an impact on birth rates, or is it rather economies that matter? 3. What other factors are important in the context of fertility? [...]
"The decrease in mortality will continue in the next decades" - an interview with Graziella Caselli (University of Rome "La Sapienza"). Questions: 1. Are all European countries ageing to the same degree or are there differences? 2. Will these differences between countries persist in the future? 3. Is there a limit to mortality decline and longevity? 4. What can be done to adapt the pension system? [...]
"When you think of migrants, there is a very diverse population" - an interview with Helga de Valk. 1. You are an expert on migration: To what degree and in which ways can migrant populations contribute to softening the trend of low birth rates in Europe? 2. Are there demographic characteristics and behaviours of migrant populations that differ from that of natives? 3. When we think about how migrants adapt to the lifestyle of their new home country, what role does education play? [...]
"We can not avoid working longer" - an interview with Irena Kotowska. Questions: 1. Are the ageing societies of most European countries bound to face a shrinking workforce and therefore declining economic productivity? 2. What are the differences in this respect between regions in Europe? 3. How could policy makers address these developments? 4. Which type of pension reform could be seen as a best practice example? 5. Will we have to not only work longer but work more? [...]
"We have to focus on trying to get men to change" - an interview with Pearl Dykstra (Erasmus University Rotterdam). Questions: 1. Are there differences between men and women when it comes to working preferences? 2. What differences exist between European countries in the context of female work patterns? 3. Which policies could help to change these gendered work patterns? 4. What are the social prospects of single and childless people when they get older? [...]
"We have to start thinking about non-productive or non-paid work in a different way" - an interview with Jane Falkingham (Centre for Population Change, University of Southampton). Questions: 1. How do the shifts in population growth and ageing that took place in the last five decades differ from previous demographic transitions? 2. What do you consider to be the biggest policy challenge resulting from these changes? 3. Can these challenges be met within the existing framework of our welfare systems? [...]
"Education is the demographic dimension that matters most for development" - an interview with Wolfgang Lutz (Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital). Questions: 1. When you think about world population trends and forecasting: do you see scarcity or prosperity? 2. How alarming is low fertility in Europe in a global demographic context - will Europeans die out one day? 3. Is there an optimal level of fertility? 4. How important is it to slow down population increase in developing countries? [...]
"Everyone who is old today, was young at one time" - an interview with Michael Murphy. Questions: 1. As an expert on modelling and forecasts, what would you say will be the defining features of the global population in 2050? 2. From a global perspective, are there differences between the regions? 3. How reliable can todays' scenarios for 2050 be? 4. What do you consider to be the biggest policy challenge resulting from population ageing? 5. Do we have to fear a "war between generations"? [...]
Having a child is as legitimate an aim in life as having a Mercedes" - an interview with Zsolt Spéder (Hungarian Demographic Research Institute, Budapest). Questions: 1. What are the most interesting demographic developments in the new European member states in the last decades? 2. What is the reason for this? 3. Will fertility behaviour change soon or always stay low? 4. What is the role of cultural factors compared to economic factors? 5. What do you consider the main cause for fertility decline? [...]
"The care dimension can no longer be excluded" - an interview with Gerda Neyer. Questions: 1) Which demographic development in the last decade do you consider most significant? 2) Can policy measures help to increase fertility rates? 3) Do you consider gender equality the remedy to counter low fertility rates? 4) Will our lives become even more centered exclusively on work? 5) Which policy measures can be effective to reconcile work and family? 6) Can we handle the extra amount of care needed? [...]

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