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Family and Children

Population Europe has developed four lesson plans for teachers to help educate their students about demography. The teaching material has been tested with various school classes to make sure that the materials were easy to understand and interesting for both students and teachers without the need for extensive preparation. [...]
The work-life balance of fathers has increasingly come under scrutiny in political and academic debates. This collection brings together qualitative and quantitative empirical analyses to explore fathers’ approaches to reconciling paid work and care responsibilities. Taking a global perspective, contributors explore how fathers realize and represent their gendered work-care balance and how enterprises and experts, in country specific institutional context, provide formal and informal resources, constrains, expectations and social norms that shape their practices.  [...]
The LP&R network produces an annual review of leave policies and related research, it covers Maternity, Paternity and Parental leaves; leave to care for sick children and other employment-related measures to support working parents; and early childhood education and care policy. As well as policies, it provides information on publications and research.  [...]
Bernhard Riederer (Wittgenstein Centre, IIASA, VID/ÖAW, WU), Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften) untersucht Auswirkungen der Elternschaft auf Glück und Zufriedenheit. Er zeigt, dass das individuelle und gesellschaftliche Umfeld beeinflussen, welche Konsequenzen Kinder für das Wohlbefinden der Eltern haben. In Einklang mit geringen Geburtenraten, Problemen der Vereinbarkeit von Familie und Beruf oder der ‚Regretting Motherhood‘-Debatte erläutert die Glücksforschung, dass sich Kinder in westlichen Gesellschaften tendenziell negativ auf ihre Eltern auswirken. [...]
In a recent paper, researchers Zachary Van Winkle and Emanuela Struffolino addressed the issue of in-work poverty – an alarming phenomenon which is exceptionally common in the United States. They considered life courses of individuals from age 18-50 who were born between 1957 and 1964 in the United States, and particularly focused on the association between family demographic processes and the probability of belonging to the working poor. [...]
Often fertility rates are analysed at the country level. However, it is also often disregarded that there are economic, political and cultural regional differences within a country, which have a considerable influence on the respective opportunity structure of women and families. In a recent article, Martin Bujard and Melanie Scheller examine cohort fertility rates for all German districts. They provide a broad overview of factors influencing birth behaviours at a local level and to what extent these factors can explain regional differences. [...]
In the past decades, European societies have experienced significant changes in partnership, family and fertility dynamics. Marriage rates have declined in all European countries, non-marital cohabitation has become common, and divorce and separation have significantly increased. Childbearing has been postponed, but fertility levels fluctuate over time and vary across countries. Growing immigrant and ethnic minority populations have contributed to the diversity of family forms and individual life courses. [...]
This book by Antti O. Tanskanen and Mirkka Danielsbacka offers a synthesis of social science and evolutionary approaches to the study of intergenerational relations, using biological, psychological and sociological factors to develop a single framework for understanding why kin help one another across generations. With attention to both biological family relations as well as in-law and step-relations, it provides an overview of existing studies centred on intergenerational relations – particularly grandparenting – that incorporate social science and evolutionary family theories. [...]
The Population Association of America’s annual meeting is a premier conference of demographers and social and health scientists from the United States and abroad.  Here senior, mid- and early-career demographers are afforded the opportunity to present their research in oral and poster sessions, hear of others’ findings, and network with their peers. Since PAA’s first conference in 1930, much important research has been presented on topics ranging from migration to sexual reproductive health to race and gender issues. [...]

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