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Coordinated by


Amparo González-Ferrer (Spanish National Research Council, Madrid)


in collaboration with


Cris Beauchemin (French Institute for Demographic Studies, Paris), Michael Collyer (University of Sussex, Brighton), Joaquín Arango (Complutense University of Madrid), Marcela Cerrutti (Centre for Population Studies, Buenos Aires), Monica Serban (University of Bucharest), Oleksiy Pozniak (Ptoukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine), Miriam Boudraa (International Labour Organization, Geneva) and 26 researchers.





The overall objective of the TEMPER project consisted in providing a comprehensive assessment of the pros and cons of recent initiatives to promote circular migration, as an alternative to more traditional forms of temporary and permanent migration. These initiatives often rely on a poor understanding of the reasons why some migrants spontaneously return an circulate, and others do not. To overcome this lack of understanding, the TEMPER project pursued three main objectives:


1. Identify the main drivers of return and circulation decisions of migrants recently involved in temporary and permanent migration,


 2. Measure and explain the role that different programs, and immigration policies at large, have played in shaping those individual decisions and,


 3. Assess the impact that different types of temporary, permanent and circular mobility have for migrant and non-migrant workers, their families and their employers.


The work in TEMPER was focused on a number of countries from four major geographic sending areas, namely: Eastern Europe (Romania, Ukraine), Latin America (Colombia, Argentina), Sub-Saharan Africa (DRC, Ghana, Senegal), North Africa (Morocco). The destination countries under analysis were: France, Italy, Spain and UK.


The collaborative research project was launched in March 2014 and ended in February 2018.


This project received funding from the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement no 613468.


For more information, please consult the Project Website