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Policy Insights

Researchers and collaboration partners of Population Europe as well as eminent experts from leading organisations contribute to the debate on demographic developments that are of public interest by providing insights into pressing policy issues.

Aerial view of modern Epagny Gruyeres town and rural surroundings in La Gruyere Fribourg Switzerland
This policy insight brings in a nutshell some of the key highlights of rich and varied contributions from numerous scholars, disciplines, geographies and socio-cultural as well as political contexts beyond those of industrialised European countries.
Pregnant woman traveling with airplane. Close up.
In a recent paper published in the prestigious journal Demography, Massimo Anelli and Nicoletta Balbo asked the question: what would have happened to fertility levels in Italy if this massive emigration flow had not happened? Through this exercise, they could also understand what effect the recession on fertility levels would have been in the absence of out-migration.
Woman getting on train with baby
Commuting tends to vary over an individual’s life course: Looking specifically at women entering motherhood, they tend to reduce their commute when transitioning to parenthood. Almost one in three of the mothers surveyed reduced their commuting distance substantially after the birth of the first child, leading to significant wage cuts.
Female-Breadwinner Families on the Breadline
A study by Kowalewska and Vitali (2020) suggests it is time for policies to recognise the economic fragility of female-breadwinner couples. The gendered division of paid and unpaid work within couples has transformed across industrialised countries in recent decades. In analysing this change, policymakers and academics have endorsed the ‘social investment’ agenda, promoting a shift from male-breadwinning to ‘dual-breadwinning’ among partners.
How Do School Closures Affect Student Learning? It’s Worse Than You Think
Per Engzell, Arun Frey & Mark Verhagen of the Leverhulme Centre for Demographic Science, Oxford University find that during the first COVID-19 lockdown in the Netherlands, students learned less than during a normal year. These results highlight the costs of keeping students out of schools and of the difficulties in compensating for these costs.
Higher Risk of COVID-19-Death for Elderly People in Stockholm Who Live With a Person of Working Age
The risk of dying from COVID-19 is for individuals aged 70 and older in Stockholm County who live in the same household as a person of working age was 60 per cent higher compared with the elderly who live with other old individuals, find Maria Brandén and colleagues of the Stockholm University Demography Unit.