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Ageing and Life Expectancy

A new study by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation released on 18 September 2018 reveals that the world has made considerable progress in reducing child mortality since 1990. The under-five morality rate has declined by 58 per cent since 1990, and the number of under-five deaths dropped from 12.6 million in 1990 to 5.4 million in 2017.   Key findings:  The remarkable progress in improving child survival since 1990. [...]
More and more people are living until the ages of 100 or 105, becoming so-called centenarians or semi-supercentenarians. Women are far more likely than men to reach this old age, but according to a new study by Graziella Caselli, Marco Battaglini and Giorgia Capacci, the age gap is likely to grow smaller in the following decades. [...]
Political Challenges within the Baltic Sea Region
The analyses presented in the Discussion Paper ‘Ageing Workforce, Social Cohesion and Sustainable Development’ are a result of thorough scientific evidence and discussions among experts from research, policy and societal organisations from eleven Baltic Sea States. Results suggest, for instance, that regional and national policies aimed at creating sustainable ageing societies should better support small and medium-sized enterprises in adapting to new characteristics of the working force. [...]
Childless men and women have an overall higher mortality than adults with children, meaning that they die earlier, recent studies show. Mothers and fathers with two biological children have the lowest mortality risks, but it increases for parents with three or more biological children. What are the explanations for the relationship between having children and mortality risks? In a new study, researchers Kieron Barclay and Martin Kolk try to detangle the physiological and social explanations for this relationship.   [...]
Population Europe has developed four lesson plans for teachers to help educate their students about demography. The teaching material has been tested with various school classes to make sure that the materials were easy to understand and interesting for both students and teachers without the need for extensive preparation. [...]
The study, which includes country reports and a synthesis report, provides a brief description of the main features of the national long-term care systems in 35 European countries - EU Member States as well as EFTA and enlarging countries. [...]
SHARE, the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe, is a multidisciplinary longitudinal survey for the study of the social, economic and health situation of people aged 50 and older in Europe. In 2004, SHARE started collecting representative data of the generation 50+ in eleven countries. Today, data from 27 European countries and Israel is available. SHARE has collected data from 140,000 respondents in 380,000 interviews. [...]
Insights from a High-Level Policy Expert Meeting
In upcoming decades, population ageing in the Baltic Sea States is inevitable due to long-term population trends such as low birth rates and increasing life expectancy, as well as migration. As a consequence, the labour force will substantially shrink and become significantly older. Population ageing, therefore, will not only exert pressure on the sustainable funding of pension and healthcare systems, but also represents a challenge to economic prosperity, social cohesion and social sustainability between generations as a whole. [...]
The world population is growing older. With continued declines in fertility and mortality, the global population's shift toward an older age structure, known as population aging, will accelerate. Older adults' (ages 65+) share of the global population increased from 5 percent in 1960 to 9 percent in 2018 and is projected to rise to 16 percent by 2050, with the segment ages 85 and older growing the fastest. Children's (ages 0 to 14) share is falling, from 37 percent in 1960, to 26 percent in 2018, with a projected decrease to 21 percent by 2050. [...]

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