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Working Life

Costs and benefits of an ageing workforce from an European employersˆ perspective
Working longer and retiring later is not only a matter of whether older individuals want to remain active in the labour market as long as possible, but also depends on the employersˆ capacity and willingness to employ and retain older workers. A recent study by Hendrik P. van Dalen, Kne Henkens, Wilma Henderikse, and Joop Schippers analyses whether European employers support later retirement. [...]
The interplay between family policies, attitudes and fertility in France and Germany
"Children under the age of three are best looked after by their mothers". This conviction is still shared by most Germans, whereas in France external childcare is a fully accepted alternative, even for infants. This is one result of a comparative study by Anne Salles, Clémentine Rossier, and Sara Brachet that explores the long-term effects of family policies on fertility. Low fertility is a common feature in all European countries. The fertility rate is particularly low in German-speaking countries, whereas in the Nordic countries and in France birth rates are comparatively higher. [...]
How innovative are our economies in times of aging workforces?
Accelerating workforce aging raises concern about whether our economies’ future capacity to innovate is endangered. A recent review of the literature and of previous studies by Katharina Frosch on the interplay between workforce age and innovation sheds light on some “do’s and don’ts” for scientists and practitioners when assessing age effects in innovation. [...]
El grado de innovación de nuestras economías al afrontar el envejecimiento de la fuerza de trabajo
La gran mayoría de los estudios previos sobre la edad y los logros en materia de innovación sugieren que la capacidad de alcanzar resultados novedosos y económicamente relevantes sigue una función curvilínea con la edad, en forma de ‘U’ invertida, siendo las personas de 35 a 50 años las más innovadoras.   [...]